A Quasi-experimental Study on Effectiveness of Cabbage Leaves Application for Breast Engorgement in Postnatal Mothers at Selected Hospitals, Amritsar, Punjab, India
Cabbage leaves application, Home remedy, Postnatal mothers,Breast engorgement
Citation Information :
Saini P. A Quasi-experimental Study on Effectiveness of Cabbage Leaves Application for Breast Engorgement in Postnatal Mothers at Selected Hospitals, Amritsar, Punjab, India. Curr Trends Diagn Treat 2017; 1 (2):72-75.
Introduction: Breast engorgement occurs in 72 to 85% of postnatal mothers. One home remedy, i.e., cabbage leaves application, is very effective for engorgement. The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of cabbage leaves application on breast engorgement among postnatal mothers.
Materials and methods: The study was conducted in tertiary care medical institute and one private hospital in Amritsar. Totally, 63 (33 in study and 30 in control group) postnatal mothers with engorgement of breast were selected by purposive sampling technique and quasi-experimental design was adopted. Storr breast engorgement scale was used to assess the breast engorgement. The chilled cabbage leaves were applied on engorged breast twice a day for 3 subsequent days. The obtained data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics like frequency, percentage mean, standard deviation, unpaired t-test, and Chi-squared test.
Results: The study result showed that there was reduction in breast engorgement level after the intervention and also showed statistically highly significant difference in between the groups.
Conclusion: There was a significant reduction in severity of breast engorgement among postnatal mothers after application of chilled cabbage leaves. Thus, it was proved to be an effective intervention for severity of breast engorgement. Therefore, this intervention should be promoted as an institutional policy and implemented as a routine care for all postnatal mothers having breast engorgement for reducing severity of breast engorgement.
Chopra M. Breast milk is best but what about HIV. MRC News. 2006. [cited 2006 Dec]. Available from: http://www.mrc.ac.za/mrcnews/dec2006/breast.htm.
Padubidri V, Anand E, editors. A text book of obstetrics. 1st ed. New Delhi: BL Publications; 2006. pp. 390-391.
Dutta DC, Konar H. Textbook of obstetrics including perinatology and contraception. 6th ed. Calcutta: New Central book agency (P) Ltd; 2004. p. 149-150, 451-453.
Campbell S, Lees C. Obstetrics by 10 teachers. 17th ed. London: Arnold; 2009. Available from: http//www.Gobookee.com/ten teacher-obstetric-17th ed.
Smith MK. New perspectives on engorgement. Leaven 1999- 2000 Dec-Jan;35(6):134-136.
Giugliani ER. Common problems during lactation and their management. J Pediatr (Rio J) 2004 Nov;80(Suppl 5):S147-S154.
Mass M. Breast pain: engorgement, nipple pain and mastitis. Clin Obstet Gynecol 2004 Sep;47(3):676-682.
World Health Organization. Mastitis: causes and management. Geneva: WHO; 2000. [cited 2000 Jan 9]. Available from: http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/infantfeeding/ WHO_ _NHD.
Humenick SS, Hill PD, Anderson MA. Breast engorgement: patterns and selected outcomes. J Hum Lact 1994 Jun;10(2): 87-93.
Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Protocol Committee; Berens P. ABM clinical protocol #20: engorgement. Breastfeed Med 2009 Jun;4(2):111-113.
Smith S. Cabbage leaves for treatment and prevention of breast engorgement. Available from: http://www.breastfeeding. com.
Ayers JF. The use of alternative therapies in the support of breastfeeding. J Hum Lact 2000 Feb;16(1):52-56.
Elizabeth B. Cabbage leaves for breast engorgement. 2012. [cited 2012 Aug 16]. Available from: http://www.midwifeinfo. com.
Ruba R. Effectiveness of cabbage leaves application to relieve breast engorgement. Nightingale Nurs Times 2009 Dec;5(9): 48-51.
Joy J, Kharde SN. A study to evaluate the effectiveness of chilled cabbage leaves application for relief of breast engorgement in volunteered postnatal mothers who are admitted in maternity ward of selected hospital in Belgaum. Int J Biol Med Res 2016;7(3):5655-5659.
Roberts KL. A comparison of chilled cabbage leaves and chilled gel packs in reducing breast engorgement. J Hum Lact 1995 Mar;11(1):17-20.
Roberts KL, Reiter M, Schuster D. Effect of cabbage leaves extract on breast engorgement. J Hum Lact 2001 Sep;14(3): 231-236.
Roberts KL, Reiter M, Schuster D. A comparison of chilled and room temperature cabbage leaves in treating breast engorgement. J Hum Lact 1995 Sep;11(3):191-194.
Arora S, Vatsa M, Dhadwal V. A comparison of cabbage leaves vs hot & cold compression for the treatment of breast engorgement. Indian J Community Med 2008 Jul;33(3): 160-162.
Snowden HM, Renfrew MJ, Woolridge MW. Treatment for breast engorgement during lactation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2001 Apr;2:CD000046.