Citation Information :
Gupta S, Grover R, Bhargawa A. Assessment of Occlusal Characteristics in Primary Dentition of Preschool Children in Amritsar, Punjab, India. Curr Trends Diagn Treat 2018; 2 (1):15-21.
Background: The occlusal relationship and spacing in deciduous dentition are known to have an imperative demeanor on the setting up of the normal occlusal relationship in permanent dentition. The attribute set of features of this dentition acts as a mirror for the prevalence of malocclusion in the permanent dentition. The properly placed teeth in the dental arch not only uphold the health of the oral cavity and the supporting structures but also sway the persona of the children.
Aims and objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the characteristic features of occlusion in primary dentition (spacing, molar, and canine relation) among the urban and rural preschool children of Amritsar.
Materials and methods: Preschool children 3–5 years of age having the complete set of deciduous teeth were included in the study. Informed consent for the child's participation was taken from their parents and school principal. The dentition was examined under natural daylight, and the data was recorded. All the school children were screened for spaced and non-spaced dentition, molar, and canine relationship according to Foster and Hamilton criteria (1969). The data will be compared and analyzed.
Results: Straight terminal plane 60.5%, distal step 3.3%, mesial step 36.3%. Class 1, 2, and 3 canine relationships were 78%, 4%, and 18%, unilateral and bilateral posterior crossbite were 3.3% and 0%,Primate spacing was found in 75.3% of the population. Overjet >3 mm was registered in 3.8%, openbite in 2.0%, and overbite >3 mm in 6.8% of the preschool children.
Conclusion: Flush terminal plane, class I canine relation, ideal overjet, ideal overbite, and spaced arches prevailed among the majority of the study population without any gender variations or variations in the urban and rural areas of Amritsar city.
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