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VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2018 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome in Natural Conception

Sangeeta Pahwa, Sheena Chopra

Keywords : Ovarian hyperstimulation, Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, Spontaneous,Human chorionic gonadotropin

Citation Information : Pahwa S, Chopra S. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome in Natural Conception. Curr Trends Diagn Treat 2018; 2 (2):109-111.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10055-0049

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-12-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) generally results due to exogenous administration of gonadotropins for ovulation induction in females seeking treatment for infertility. OHSS can lead to life-threatening complications, therefore, its early diagnosis and management are very important. Case report: We hereby report a rare case of OHSS in a spontaneously and naturally conceived pregnancy. Our patient is a 28-year old gravida 3 para 2 live 2 female with a period of gestation of 14 weeks, who presented to us with complaints of abdominal pain, mild distension, nausea, vomiting, and mild degree of breathlessness. All the possibilities that would have caused OHSS in a pregnancy were ruled out with adequate investigations. Ultrasound (USG)-guided aspiration of cyst was done and the cytology was negative for malignancy. The patient and her attendants voluntarily demanded termination of pregnancy for the health interest of the mother. Termination of pregnancy was done. The postabortal period was uneventful. The follow-up scan after 4 weeks revealed bilateral ovaries near normal in size, shape, and volume. No ascites was found this time. Conclusion: As after the termination of pregnancy B-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) levels dropped down and ovaries were found to be normal in the follow-up scan, our diagnosis goes more in favor of OHSS. Thus, although OHSS is a characteristic outcome of women who underwent some sort of ovarian induction or assisted reproductive technologies, one must be aware of its occurrence in a spontaneous conception too.


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