AMEI's Current Trends in Diagnosis & Treatment

Register      Login

VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2021 ) > List of Articles


Assessing the Prevalence of Dental Injuries while Playing Sports as well as Awareness of Preventive Measures in Schoolchildren of Amritsar City: A Cross-sectional Study

Savreen Kaur, Supreet Kaur, Gunmeen Sadana, Teena Gupta, Rashu Grover

Keywords : Awareness, Mouthguards, Sports injury

Citation Information : Kaur S, Kaur S, Sadana G, Gupta T, Grover R. Assessing the Prevalence of Dental Injuries while Playing Sports as well as Awareness of Preventive Measures in Schoolchildren of Amritsar City: A Cross-sectional Study. Curr Trends Diagn Treat 2021; 5 (1):31-35.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10055-0123

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-00-0000

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


Aims and Objectives: To assess the prevalence of dental injuries while playing sports as well as awareness of preventive measures in school children of Amritsar city. Materials and methods: A study was conducted on 500 children aged between 6 and 16 years with a mean age of 13 years. A questionnaire was planned to evaluate the prevalence of dental injuries while playing sports and their awareness regarding the use of mouthguards while playing. The answering group consisted of 67.2% of male and 32.8% of female children. Results: Two-hundred and ninety (58%) children had participated in collision contact sports, 138 (28%) in impact contact sports, 58 (11%) in moderately strenuous contact, 9 (2%) in strenuous contact, and 5 (1%) in non- strenuous contact sports. While 149 (29.8%) experienced facial injury, the rest 51 (10.2%) had bone breakage injury while playing sports. Almost 31% of the participants thought wrapping in cotton or cloth is the best way to carry the avulsed tooth to the dental clinic, whereas only 14% had the knowledge that milk is the best-suited medium. The majority of the children [316 (63%)] were not aware that it was possible to reimplant the teeth. About 30% thought that teeth can be reimplanted after washing them with water and then immediately going to the dentist to reimplant them, and 25% thought that wrapping in paper and visiting the dentist immediately or the next day to reimplant the teeth. Out of the total participants, 160 (32%) used mouthguards and 340 (68%) had never used mouthguards, whereas 58.8% were aware of preventive measures and 41.2% had no such knowledge. Conclusion: The prevalence of dental trauma in three schools of Amritsar district was 20.20%, so education on preventive measures should be given to the trainers and trainees to prevent dental injuries while playing sports. The use of mouthguards should be made mandatory for school kids while playing.

  1. Hecova H, Tzigkounakis V, Merglova V, Netolicky J. A retrospective study of 889 injured permanent teeth. Dent Traumatol 2010;26(6):466–475. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2010.00924.x.
  2. Bahr R, Holme I. Risk factors for sports injuries: a methodological approach. Br J Sports Med 2003;37(5):384–392. DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.37.5.384.
  3. Gojanur S, Yeluri R, Munshi AK. Prevalence and etiology of traumatic injuries to the anterior teeth among 5 to 8 years old school children in Mathura city, India: an epidemiological study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):172. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1308.
  4. Borssén E, Holm AK. Treatment of traumatic dental injuries in a cohort of 16-year-olds in northern Sweden. Endod Dent Traumatol 2000;16:276–281. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-9657.2000.016006276.x.
  5. Donaldson M, Kinirons MJ. Factors affecting the time of onset of resorption in avulsed and replanted incisor teeth in children. Dent Traumatol 2001;17(5):205–209. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-9657.2001.170503.x.
  6. Levin L, Friedlander LD, Geiger SB. Dental and oral trauma and mouthguard use during sport activities in Israel. Dent Traumatol 2003;19(5):237–242. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-9657.2003.00196.x.
  7. Goswami M, Kumar P, Bhushan U. Evaluation of knowledge, awareness, and occurrence of dental injuries in participant children during sports in New Delhi: a pilot study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(4):373–378. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1468.
  8. Ankola AV, Hebbal M, Sharma R, Nayak SS. Traumatic dental injuries in primary school children of South India–a report from district‐wide oral health survey. Dent traumatol 2013;29(2):134–138. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2012.01139.x.
  9. Patel MC, Sujan SG. The prevalence of traumatic dental injuries to permanent anterior teeth and its relation with predisposing risk factors among 8-13 years school children of Vadodara city: an epidemiological study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2012;30(2):151. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.99992.
  10. Tulunoglu I, Ozbek M. Oral trauma, mouthguard awareness, and use in two contact sports in Turkey. Dent Traumatol 2006;22(5):242–246. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2006.00386.x.
  11. Persic R, Pohl Y, Filippi A. Dental squash injuries – a survey among players and coaches in Switzerland, Germany and France. Dent Traumatol 2006;22(5):231–236. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2006.00379.x.
  12. Ersin N, Ertugrul F, Oncag O, Menderes M, Uzel I. Evaluation of high risk university students’ knowledge about dental trauma and emergency procedures. J Int Dent Med Res 2013;6(3):100–104.
  13. Woodmansey KF. Athletic mouth guards prevent orofacial injuries: a review. Gen Dent 1999;47(1):64–69. DOI: 10.1080/07448481.1997.9936880.
  14. ADA Council on Access, Prevention and Interprofessional Relations; ADA Council on Scientific Affairs. Using mouthguards to reduce the incidence and severity of sports related oral injuries. J Am Dent Assoc 2006;137(12):1712–1720. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.2006.0118.
  15. Dale RA. Dentoalveolar trauma. Emerg Med Clin N Am 2000;18(3):521–553. DOI: 10.1016/s0733-8627(05)70141-3.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.