Citation Information :
Kaur S, Kaur S, Sadana G, Gupta T, Grover R. Assessing the Prevalence of Dental Injuries while Playing Sports as well as Awareness of Preventive Measures in Schoolchildren of Amritsar City: A Cross-sectional Study. Curr Trends Diagn Treat 2021; 5 (1):31-35.
Aims and Objectives: To assess the prevalence of dental injuries while playing sports as well as awareness of preventive measures in school children of Amritsar city.
Materials and methods: A study was conducted on 500 children aged between 6 and 16 years with a mean age of 13 years. A questionnaire was planned to evaluate the prevalence of dental injuries while playing sports and their awareness regarding the use of mouthguards while playing. The answering group consisted of 67.2% of male and 32.8% of female children.
Results: Two-hundred and ninety (58%) children had participated in collision contact sports, 138 (28%) in impact contact sports, 58 (11%) in moderately strenuous contact, 9 (2%) in strenuous contact, and 5 (1%) in non- strenuous contact sports. While 149 (29.8%) experienced facial injury, the rest 51 (10.2%) had bone breakage injury while playing sports. Almost 31% of the participants thought wrapping in cotton or cloth is the best way to carry the avulsed tooth to the dental clinic, whereas only 14% had the knowledge that milk is the best-suited medium. The majority of the children [316 (63%)] were not aware that it was possible to reimplant the teeth. About 30% thought that teeth can be reimplanted after washing them with water and then immediately going to the dentist to reimplant them, and 25% thought that wrapping in paper and visiting the dentist immediately or the next day to reimplant the teeth. Out of the total participants, 160 (32%) used mouthguards and 340 (68%) had never used mouthguards, whereas 58.8% were aware of preventive measures and 41.2% had no such knowledge.
Conclusion: The prevalence of dental trauma in three schools of Amritsar district was 20.20%, so education on preventive measures should be given to the trainers and trainees to prevent dental injuries while playing sports. The use of mouthguards should be made mandatory for school kids while playing.
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