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VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act: Its Recent Advances

Neha Chaudhary, Ashok Chanana, Jaspinder Pratap Singh

Keywords : Abortion rights, Marital rate, Medical termination pregnancy, The protection of children from Sexual Offences Act 2012, Registered medical practitioners

Citation Information : Chaudhary N, Chanana A, Singh JP. Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act: Its Recent Advances. Curr Trends Diagn Treat 2023; 7 (1):26-27.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10055-0162

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 21-07-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


The objective of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act 1971 was to enhance maternal health by facilitating women's access to safe abortion services. In 1964, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare established the Shanti Lal Shah Committee to investigate the reasons behind the growing number of abortion cases. Following the committee's recommendations in 1970, the MTP Bill was proposed and subsequently enacted in August 1971 as the MTP Act. Recently, the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act 2021 was passed to expand the availability of legal and safe abortion services for eugenic, therapeutic, social, and humanitarian reasons, ensuring universal access to comprehensive care. The updated MTP Act acknowledges the reproductive autonomy of each pregnant woman, allowing her to make informed decisions regarding medical interventions for terminating her pregnancy.

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  2. Gaur KD. Abortion and the Law in India. Cochin Univ Law Rev 1991; 15:123–143.
  4. The Gazette of India: The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act, 2021.pdf.
  5. 621-x-v-principal-secretary-health-family-welfare-department-21-july-2022-426996.pdf.
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