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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2021 ) > List of Articles


Untangle the Convoluted NOTs: Learning Renal Physiology

Hwee-Ming Cheng, See-Ziau Hoe

Keywords : Concept, Learning, Negative statements, Renal physiology

Citation Information : Cheng H, Hoe S. Untangle the Convoluted NOTs: Learning Renal Physiology. Curr Trends Diagn Treat 2021; 5 (2):116-120.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10055-0127

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 08-12-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


Using definite, negative statements (the NOTs) can help reinforce and strengthen students’ conception of physiology. A NOT statement implies that there is always the expected homeostatic response or compensatory mechanism that will be observed when the body is challenged and fluctuations occur. These NOT sentences highlight the built-in design, homeostatically wired in integrated physiology. Examples using this “untangle the NOT” teaching and learning approach in renal system are given here. We also created a character, a Japanese medical student, named Miss Take (pun on mistake) to illustrate some of the common misconceptions in understanding renal physiology.

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